Rembrandt Harmensz Van Rijn, 1606-1669. Dutch painter, draughtsman and etcher signed his works with only the forename Rembrandt. His name symbolizes a whole period of art history rightfully known as ‘Holland’s Golden Age’. His fame is partly due to his multi-faceted talent. Rembrandt was not only a gifted painter but also an inspired graphic artist: he has probably never been surpassed as an etcher, and he often seems inimitable as a draughtsman.
His subjects reflect his manifold talent and interests. He painted, drew and etched portraits, landscapes, figures and animals, but, above all, scenes of biblical and secular history and mythology. Rembrandt combined theory and practice, inventing, for instance, a new kind of painting, the ‘tronie’ or portrait head, a compromise between portraiture and history painting.