Salvador Felipe Jacinto Dali, 1904 – 1989. Dali was a prominent surrealistic artist born in Figueras, Catalunya, Spain. Two forces influenced his philosophy and art: Sigmund Freud’s theory of the unconscious, and the French surrealist artists of his time. In the 1930′s, Dali’s surrealist paintings appeared in exhibits across Europe and the United States. His artistic style crystallized into the disturbing blend of precise realism and dreamlike fantasy that became his trademark. He combined meticulous draftsmanship and detail with a unique and stimulating imagination.
His later paintings are more classical in style, often depicting religious themes. They include Crucifixion (1954, Metropolitan Museum, New York City) and The Sacrament of the Last Supper (1955, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.). Dali created a new movement in art with his own unique brand. With his other pursuits in the art realm – jewelry design, film production and clothing — it is his paintings and graphic works that remain the pinnacle of his sweeping importance and mystifying genius.